Your Guide to Moving Past Menopausal Symptoms

From dietary supplements to hormonal therapy, modern medicine has effective ways of overcoming menopause symptoms.

By URLife Team
09 Jun 2023

Every year, 25 million women worldwide experience the menopause.  This will result in 1.2 billion postmenopausal women worldwide by 2030 as per a 2020 demographic data in the International Journal of Environmental Research And Public Health.


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Menopause is a natural biological process that occurs in women as they age. During menopause, a woman's ovaries gradually produce fewer hormones, particularly oestrogen, and progesterone, which signifies the end of their reproductive years. It is associated with numerous physical and psychological changes that can be challenging to manage alone. Fortunately, there are several remedies to manage symptoms of menopause.


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Understanding Menopausal Symptoms

Menopause occurs when a woman's ovaries stop producing the hormones oestrogen and progesterone, leading to the cessation of menstrual periods. It typically occurs between the ages of 45 and 55, with the average age of onset being 51. The transition to menopause is called perimenopause, which can last for several years before the final menstrual period.


Common Menopausal Symptoms

While every woman's experience with menopause is unique, there are some common symptoms that many encounter during this time. These include:

1. Hot flashes

Sudden sensations of intense heat, often accompanied by sweating and redness of the skin.


2. Night sweats

Hot flashes that occur during sleep causes disruptions in sleep quality and duration.


3. Vaginal dryness

Reduced vaginal lubrication leads to discomfort or pain during sexual intercourse.


4. Mood swings

Fluctuations in mood, including feelings of irritability, anxiety, and depression.


5. Sleep disturbances

Insomnia or difficulty staying asleep throughout the night.


6. Urinary incontinence

Involuntary leakage of urine or increased frequency of urination.


7. Weight gain

Changes in metabolism that can lead to weight gain, particularly around the abdomen.


8. Cognitive issues

Problems with memory, concentration, and mental clarity.


9. Reduced libido

A decline in sexual desire or responsiveness.


10. Dry skin and hair

Decreased oil production, resulting in dryness of the skin and hair.


Consult with a gynaecologist today.

Not all of these symptoms are directly linked to hormonal changes, and some may be due to ageing or other factors. Nevertheless, treatment for menopause can help alleviate many of these issues.


Related story: The Ultimate Guide To Pain-Free Periods


Treatment for Menopausal Symptoms

As per a 2021 study by the Office of the Assistant Secretary of Health, not every woman requires treatment for their menopausal symptoms. The transition to menopause can be a challenging time for many women, but there are numerous treatment options available to help manage and overcome menopausal symptoms.


1. Hormone Replacement Therapy (HRT)

One of the most widely recognised treatments for menopause is hormone replacement therapy (HRT). This involves supplementing the body with synthetic or bioidentical hormones, such as oestrogen and progesterone, to help alleviate menopausal symptoms. HRT can be administered in various forms, including pills, patches, creams, gels, and vaginal rings. It's crucial to work with a healthcare provider to determine the appropriate type, dosage, and duration of HRT for your needs.


While HRT can be highly effective in managing symptoms like hot flashes, night sweats, and vaginal dryness, it's not suitable for everyone. Some women may have an increased risk of certain health conditions, such as blood clots, stroke, and some types of cancer when using HRT. Therefore, it's essential to discuss the potential benefits and risks with your healthcare provider before starting this treatment.


2. Non-Hormonal Medications

For women who cannot or prefer not to use HRT, there are several non-hormonal medications available that can help manage menopausal symptoms. These include:


  1. Antidepressants: Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) and serotonin-norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors (SNRIs) can help alleviate mood swings, anxiety, and depression. They may also provide relief from hot flashes in some cases.
  2. Clonidine: This medication, typically used to treat high blood pressure, can also reduce the frequency and severity of hot flashes.
  3. Gabapentin: Originally developed as an anti-seizure medication, gabapentin has been shown to help alleviate hot flashes and improve sleep quality in women.
  4. Osteoporosis medications: As oestrogen levels decrease during menopause, women are at an increased risk of developing osteoporosis. Medications such as bisphosphonates and selective oestrogen receptor modulators (SERMs) can help preserve bone density and reduce the risk of fractures.


Related story: Irregular Periods: When To Worry


3. Lifestyle Changes and Natural Remedies

In addition to medical treatments, making certain lifestyle changes and adopting natural remedies can significantly improve the quality of life for women experiencing menopausal symptoms.


  1. Diet and exercise: Maintaining a healthy diet rich in fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and lean proteins can help manage weight gain and improve overall health. Engaging in regular physical activity, such as walking, swimming, or yoga, can help reduce stress, improve mood, and preserve bone density.
  2. Stress management: Practising relaxation techniques, such as deep breathing exercises, meditation, or mindfulness, can help alleviate mood swings and anxiety. Participating in activities that bring joy and relaxation, such as hobbies or social events, can also improve overall well-being. Learn stress management with UR.Life
  3. Sleep hygiene: Establishing a consistent sleep schedule, creating a relaxing bedtime environment, and avoiding stimulants like caffeine and alcohol before bed can help improve sleep quality.
  4. Vaginal lubricants and moisturisers: Over-the-counter products, such as water-based lubricants or long-lasting vaginal moisturisers, can provide relief from vaginal dryness and discomfort during intercourse.
  5. Pelvic floor exercises: Regularly performing exercises that target your deep core and pelvic floor can help strengthen the pelvic floor muscles and improve urinary incontinence. Try 4 moves for strengthening your pelvic floor. 
  6. Herbal remedies: Some women find relief from menopausal symptoms through the use of herbal supplements, such as black cohosh, soy isoflavones, or red clover. However, the effectiveness of these remedies varies, and it's essential to consult with a healthcare provider before using them.


Regular health checks are indeed crucial for everyone, as they allow for the early detection of menopausal symptoms and their effective treatment. By working closely with a healthcare provider to determine the most appropriate course of action, women can successfully navigate this stage of life and continue to enjoy a healthy, fulfilling life.


Related story: An Easy Guide To The Stages of Menstruation


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Regular health checks are essential for everyone, but they are particularly important for individuals who are having menopausal symptoms. Taking regular health checks can help with the condition at an early stage when it is easier to manage and treat. With the UR.Life HRA, we help you to invest in your well-being through seamless interventions and targeted medical treatments. Our holistic wellness approach caters to all aspects of your well-being. We ensure that you can bring your whole self to work.



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